How can CAD be Prevented or Delayed?

Taking action to control your risk factors can help prevent or delay CAD. Your risk for CAD increases with the number of risk factors you have.

Adopt a healthy lifestyle.

Diet: Following a healthy diet is an important part of a healthy lifestyle. A healthy diet includes a variety of vegetables and fruits. It also includes whole grains, fat-free or low-fat dairy products and protein foods such as lean meats, poultry without skin, seafood, processed soy products, nuts, seeds, beans and peas.

A healthy diet is low in sodium (salt), added sugars, solid fats and refined grains. Solid fats are saturated fat and trans fatty acids. Refined grains come from processing whole grains, which results in a loss of nutrients such as dietary fiber.

If you’re overweight or obese, work with your doctor to create a reasonable weight-loss plan. Controlling your weight helps you control CAD risk factors.

Be as physically active as you can: Physical activity can improve your fitness level and your health. Talk with your doctor about what types of activity are safe for you.

Quit Smoking: Smoking can damage and tighten blood vessels and raise your risk for CAD. If you smoke, we can help you quit through our Tobacco-Free PATH program. Talk with your doctor about medicines and ways to help you quit. Also, try to avoid secondhand smoke.

If lifestyle changes aren’t enough, you also may need medicines to control your CAD risk factors. Take all of your medicines as prescribed.