21 to 49 years: Male

What to expect during your annual well-person exam

Your doctor may provide advice on:

  • Dental health
  • Vision health
  • Diet, exercise, nutrition, physical activity and injury prevention
  • Sun exposure
  • Smoking cessation, substance abuse, alcohol misuse and tobacco consumption
  • Sexual behavior, violence or abuse

If you are at increased risk for certain cancers, you should ask your doctor about screening schedules and possibly starting your screenings at an earlier age than general recommendations. A risk factor is anything that increases your chance of developing a condition. Examples of risk factors can include your age, gender, family history or lifestyle.

During your exam, you may receive immunizations (shots) and screenings, depending on your health and your doctor’s judgment. Select a link below to learn more about immunizations, screenings and therapies:



  • Blood pressure measurement: Every two years for those with blood pressure less than 120/80 and yearly for those with blood pressure 120 to 139/80 to 90. Learn more about preventing high blood pressure.
  • Bone mineral density (BMD) testing: In men younger than age 70, as your doctor advises.
  • Cholesterol blood test: Every five years; more frequently as your doctor advises. Learn more about cholesterol.
  • Dental checkup: Twice a year or as your doctor advises. Learn more about oral health.
  • Depression screening: Periodic assessment. Learn more about depression.
  • Diabetes, type 2 blood test: Starting at age 45 and repeated every three years. Learn more about diabetes.
  • Hearing screening: Periodic assessment as your doctor advises. Learn more about hearing loss.
  • Height and weight check: Yearly.
  • Hepatitis B blood test: For those at high risk. Learn more about hepatitis B.
  • Hepatitis C blood test: For those at high risk for the infection. Learn more about hepatitis C.
  • HIV screening: HIV screening to age 65, as your doctor advises. Learn more about HIV.
  • Obesity screening: Use of body mass index (BMI) to identify adults at risk for disease and death due to being overweight (as defined by having a BMI at or above 25-29.9 kg/m2) and obese (as defined by having a BMI at or above 30 kg/m2). Learn more about preventing obesity.
  • Prostate cancer screening: Talk to your doctor about the benefits and risks of screening. Learn more about prostate cancer.
  • Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) screening: All sexually active men age 25 and younger as well as older adults at risk, as part of a regular health care visit. Learn more about STDs.
  • Skin cancer screening: Should be part of a routine cancer-related checkup. Check yourself once a month. Learn more about skin cancer prevention.
  • Vision/glaucoma screening: Yearly, as needed or directed by your doctor. Check with eye doctor for recommended frequency of a complete eye exam if there is a history of eye injury, diabetes, family history of eye problems and/or you are African American older than 40. Learn more about common eye disorders.


  • Aspirin therapy: As your doctor advises.