Intimate Partner Violence
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is defined as threatened, attempted, or completed physical or sexual violence or emotional abuse by a current or former intimate partner. It can be committed by a spouse, ex-spouse, current or former boyfriend or girlfriend or dating partner. The New York State Office of the Prevention of Domestic Violence (NYS OPDV) has reported that pregnant women are at particularly high risk for experiencing IPV and that it can begin or escalate during pregnancy. According to the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence (NCADV), between four and eight percent of pregnant women experience IPV. The implications of IPV are far-reaching. Maternal depression, smoking, preterm birth and low birth weight babies have been associated with domestic violence during pregnancy.
The Need to Screen for IPV
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) Committee Opinion on IPV and the New York State Medicaid Prenatal Care Standards recommend screening for IPV during pregnancy. ACOG recommends screening at the first prenatal visit and during each trimester. Once IPV is identified, the woman may need assistance in accessing appropriate counseling, legal and social services, and in planning for the safety of herself and her family.
EmblemHealth's Healthy Beginnings PATH can assist women who are victims of IPV during pregnancy. Call 1-888-447-0337 to refer your EmblemHealth patient to the high risk pregnancy team for assistance. We can guide her in finding services to help her and her baby stay safe. Learn more about how you can assist patients experiencing IPV. Additionally, there are resources listed on our website for non-pregnant women who are victims of IPV as well.