· Blood pressure measurement: Every two years for those with blood pressure less than 120/80 and yearly for those with blood pressure 120 to 139/80 to 90. Learn more about preventing high blood pressure.
· Breast exam and mammograms: A clinical breast exam done by a health professional is part of a routine physical checkup. This should be done every year, especially for women over 40. If you have a family history of breast cancer, a clinical breast exam may be recommended more frequently. Learn more about breast cancer screening and mammograms.
· Cervical Cancer Screening: Women aged 21 to 29 should start getting Pap tests at least every 3 years based on your test results and doctor’s guidance. Starting at age 30 talk to your doctor about which testing option is right for you whether it be a Pap test only, a HPV test only or both. Learn more about cervical cancer screening.
· Cholesterol: A simple blood test (lipid profile) is done by a healthcare professional to measure your cholesterol levels. Adults should get their cholesterol checked every 4 to 6 years. Your doctor may recommend getting your cholesterol checked more often if you have a family history of high cholesterol or may be at risk for heart disease or diabetes. Learn more about cholesterol screening.
· Colon and rectal cancer: The American Cancer Society (ACS) recommends starting regular screening at age 45. Speak with your doctor about colon cancer screening and if any of the following tests are right for you.
o Flexible sigmoidoscopy every five years.
o Yearly fecal occult blood test (FOBT).
o Fecal immunochemical test (FIT) every year.
o Colonoscopy every 10 years.
· Dental checkup: You should visit your dentist at least twice a year or as your doctor advises. Learn more about oral health for adults over 40.
· Depression screening: It is recommended that adults be assessed for depression from time to time to maintain good mental health. During a routine visit, your doctor may ask you a series of questions to determine your risk for depression. Learn more about depression and mental health.
· Diabetes screening: The three main types of diabetes are type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes (during pregnancy). Diabetes increases the risk for heart disease and can affect men and women differently. You should get your blood glucose checked before age 45 if you are at risk, and for pregnant women after 24 weeks of pregnancy. Learn about the basics of diabetes, diabetes in men and diabetes in women.
· Hearing screening: Being exposed to hazardous levels of noise and other chemicals can cause hearing loss. It is recommended that your hearing be assessed from time to time or as your doctor advises. Learn more about preventing hearing loss.
• HIV screening: You should be screened for HIV if you are sexually active and may be at risk for infection, and as your doctor advises. Learn the Basics of HIV
• Lung cancer screening: Starting at age 55, speak with your doctor about having an annual low-dose chest CT scan if you have a history of smoking at least a pack a day for 30 years and are still smoking or quit within the last 15 years.
• Obesity screening: The body mass index (BMI) is used to identify adults at risk for disease and death due to being overweight (a BMI at or above 25-29.9 kg/m2) and obese (a BMI at or above 30 kg/m2). Talk to your primary care doctor if you believe you might be at risk for obesity. Learn more about adult overweight and obesity and calculate your BMI.
· Prostate cancer screening: Men, aged 55 to 69 should talk to their doctor about the benefits and risks of screening. Learn more about prostate cancer.
• Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) screening: All sexually active men and women as well as older adults at risk, as part of a regular health care visit. Learn more about STDs.
• Skin cancer screening: Should be part of a routine cancer-related checkup. Check yourself once a month. Learn more about skin cancer prevention.
• Vision screening: Yearly, as needed or directed by your doctor. Check with your eye doctor for recommended frequency of a complete eye exam if there is a history of eye injury, diabetes, family history of eye problems and/or you are an African American older than 40. Learn more about vision health.